How to Diagnose Ankle Injuries

Ankle injury treatment is an important part of foot care because the ankle is a crucial factor in walking. Ankle sprains are very common injuries and happen to approximately 25,000 people every day!

 

 

 

 

 

Symptoms

The ankle is either rolled inward, an inversion sprain, causing pain along the outer side of the ankle and possible injury to the tendons or to the ligaments that support the arch. That is the most common type. An outward roll is an eversion sprain.

Chronic lateral ankle pain is recurring pain, often intense, on the outside part of the ankle. Instability, difficulty walking on uneven ground, unable to bear weight, swelling, stiffness and tenderness are some of the symptoms. A sprain can be difficult to differentiate from a fracture, broken bone, until an x-ray is taken.

 

Causes

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In addition to sprains, other causes may include a fracture in one of the bones that make up the ankle joint, scar tissue in the ankle after a sprain that puts pressure on the ligaments, injury to the nerves that pass through the ankle, arthritis of the ankle joint, inflammation of the joint lining, possibly an inflamed or torn tendon.

 

What are the treatments?

After examination and diagnosis, your orthopaedic physician might recommend the following:

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1. Immobilization to allow the bone to heal in the case of a fracture. Use crutches, if necessary.

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2. Elevate the foot by reclining and propping it up above the waist or heart.

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3. Prescription or over the counter anti-inflammatory or steroid medication to reduce the swelling.

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4. Compression can help control swelling as well as support and immobilize the injury.

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5. An ankle brace or other support to help control swelling and add stability while the ligaments are healing.

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6. Eventually physical therapy and exercises to strengthen the ligaments and muscles and restore range of motion and flexibility. balance, coordination and balance.

7. It happens rarely, but a severe ankle sprain may require surgery and a short leg cast for two to three weeks or a walking boot.

See your orthopaedic physician as quickly as possible so that you can be put on the right road for the proper ankle injury treatment.