What You Should Know About the Causes and Treatments for Pigmentation on Face


What You Should Know About the Causes and Treatments for Pigmentation on Face


Pigmentation on face, also called melasma, is a skin condition that causes dark patches to appear on your face. This usually occurs in highly visible areas like the forehead, cheeks and nose. The discolouration is sometimes very pronounced. You should know the causes of this condition and the treatments that are available today.


Common Causes of Pigmentation on Face

Melasma occurs when special cells called melanocytes start to produce too much pigment. Melanocytes are the cells that maintain the normal colour of your skin. It is not fully known why the cells start to behave in this way. It is possible that excessive exposure to the sun over long periods of time can trigger mutations in the cells. Hormonal changes from pregnancy or hormone replacement therapy can trigger the condition. Harsh makeup has also been known to cause melasma. Fortunately, the condition can be treated.



One of the most common and effective treatments is a chemical peel. A peel is a cosmetic treatment that uses a special solution on your face and neck. The solution actually removes the topmost layers of your skin. This reveals new and younger skin underneath. It also triggers the production of new skin and collagen cells. A peel can actually lift away the discoloration on your skin completely. There are also times when it will just cause the pigmentation to fade. Multiple peels are sometimes needed if the pigmentation on face is very dark.




Another possible treatment for melasma is microdermabrasion. This is a form of professional exfoliation. A professional will direct a stream of small crystals or beads at your skin. These particles will start to knock away old and dead skin cells. This can help with melasma because it strips away the layers of skin where the darker pigment is located. Microdermabrasion usually provides subtle results. This means you might need to go through several treatments to see a significant lightening of the discoloured areas.


Topical Creams

There are over-the-counter and prescription topical creams available that can sometimes help to restore your normal skin pigmentation. One of the most common uses a chemical called hydroquinone. This cream works by inhibiting the ability of your melanocytes to produce pigment. The result will be a lightening of the discoloured areas over time. A second cream contains powerful corticosteroids. This type of cream changes how your skin cells work but can also weaken your immune system.


Laser Treatments

Laser treatments can sometimes help to remove pigmentation on face. Very precise bursts of laser light are used to remove your upper skin cells. The lasers are so accurate that they allow professionals to remove just one layer of skin at a time. The laser can actually vaporise the discoloured skin cells. You can see a dramatic difference after just one or two treatments. An issue with laser treatments is that they sometimes cause side effects like redness and swelling that will last for some time and affect the appearance of your face. Some treatments can even cause a different type of discolouration in rare cases.


Laser Treatment



A final option for people who have only very slight pigmentation problems is to use makeup. A combination of primer, normal makeup, foundation and a setting powder can often effectively camouflage the discolouration for a whole day. This works well only with light discolouration since darker patches will end up showing through the makeup.

The many treatments for pigmentation on face mean you do not have to just live with discoloured patched of skin. You can fight back and regain the clear and consistent complexion that you want. There are currently treatments available for every type of skin and every level of discolouration.

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How to Diagnose Ankle Injuries

Ankle injury treatment is an important part of foot care because the ankle is a crucial factor in walking. Ankle sprains are very common injuries and happen to approximately 25,000 people every day!







The ankle is either rolled inward, an inversion sprain, causing pain along the outer side of the ankle and possible injury to the tendons or to the ligaments that support the arch. That is the most common type. An outward roll is an eversion sprain.

Chronic lateral ankle pain is recurring pain, often intense, on the outside part of the ankle. Instability, difficulty walking on uneven ground, unable to bear weight, swelling, stiffness and tenderness are some of the symptoms. A sprain can be difficult to differentiate from a fracture, broken bone, until an x-ray is taken.












In addition to sprains, other causes may include a fracture in one of the bones that make up the ankle joint, scar tissue in the ankle after a sprain that puts pressure on the ligaments, injury to the nerves that pass through the ankle, arthritis of the ankle joint, inflammation of the joint lining, possibly an inflamed or torn tendon.


What are the treatments?

After examination and diagnosis, your orthopaedic physician might recommend the following:










1. Immobilization to allow the bone to heal in the case of a fracture. Use crutches, if necessary.












2. Elevate the foot by reclining and propping it up above the waist or heart.










3. Prescription or over the counter anti-inflammatory or steroid medication to reduce the swelling.











4. Compression can help control swelling as well as support and immobilize the injury.









5. An ankle brace or other support to help control swelling and add stability while the ligaments are healing.









6. Eventually physical therapy and exercises to strengthen the ligaments and muscles and restore range of motion and flexibility. balance, coordination and balance.

7. It happens rarely, but a severe ankle sprain may require surgery and a short leg cast for two to three weeks or a walking boot.

See your orthopaedic physician as quickly as possible so that you can be put on the right road for the proper ankle injury treatment.


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Hair Care Tips for Travelers

When you’re traveling, your hair often takes a back seat to your destination. Humidity, harsh weather conditions, and the constant moving from one point to another without a moment to rest can take a serious toll on your hair. Nevertheless, caring for your hair while traveling can be a breeze. By following the tips listed below, you can ensure your hair is as well cared-for on the road as it is when you are back at home.


Hair How to: How to Use Dry Shampoo! No White Powdery Residue Left Behind! ~ Who knew there were directions?!  This does look handy though!  I really need to get some of this stuff!


Dry Shampoo

Many men and women shy away from dry shampoo. It’s infamous for being the “dirty person’s” go-to. Nevertheless, it really is a God-send. If you’re jumping from airport to airport or will be traveling in a vehicle for extended periods of time, your hair is going to endure some damage and will be in need of a good cleaning. Nevertheless, you usually don’t have time to wash your hair as often as you would at home. Simply spray some dry shampoo on your roots and run your fingers down your hair from the roots to the ends. This product will diminish excess oils and will leave your hair looking and smelling as fresh as it did before you left for your adventure.


Apply Anti-Frizz Serum on hair to prevent frizzy hair.


Anti-Frizz Serum

It really does not matter your destination – hair gets frizzy. You don’t want to look back at those vacation photos and see your hair was eating your face. Instead, tame it with anti-frizz serum. A tiny bottle takes very little space and can be brought on your carry-on in a clear bag that will be TSA approved. A small dab of the serum can be rubbed in your hands and applied generously throughout your roots in order to prevent a frizzy ‘fro from forming.


Hair Care Tips While Travelling 


Don’t forget the comb and hair-ties and moisturizing shampoo

If worse should come to worst, you can always throw your hair up in a ponytail and still look wonderful. Therefore, when packing for your long journey, don’t forget to pack the essentials! Hair brushes, combs, and hair-ties will save your hair from disaster in a pinch, and when you get back to where you are staying, simply replenish your hair with nourishing, moisture-rich shampoo.

Traveling is supposed to be fun, so don’t let unruly hair ruin your time. Prepare for your trip by following these tips, and your hair will remain your friend. Safe and happy travels! See more information at Yun Nam Hair Care Effectiveness.

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What Should You Look For In A Biofibre Hair Implant Company?

Oftentimes, individuals who suffer from alopecia or other health challenges that affect their hair find themselves in search of viable solutions that will enable them to regain confidence in their physical appearance. When this is the case, the solution can be a biofibre hair implant. This procedure is effective and involves natural thickening of the hair. If you’re in search of a company to offer exceptional, effective biofibre hair implants, there are certain things you should look for. Five of them include:


1. Qualifications And Credentials.

When it’s time for you to get the best hair care services available, it’s important that you select a company that has the right qualifications and credentials. To get started in this venture, do background research to learn about the hair implant company’s experience in the field. Where were its employees educated? How long has the company been in the business? Has the company attained any notable public recognition or awards in acknowledgment of excellence? These are the types of questions you should be asking in order to determine whether a hair implant company will be able to offer you the excellent products and services you deserve. We recommend Premier Clinic Biofibre Hair Implant.


2. A Customer-Oriented Approach.

If you’re serious about getting excellent hair implant services, you need to ensure that the company you select utilizes a customer-oriented approach. This means that the company should take the time to collaborate with you in order to learn about your specific goals and budget. Because the cosmetics industry is not a one-size-fits-all, it’s important that the people you work with recognize your unique needs so that they can devise a strategic plan that will help you attain the aesthetic that you want.


Biofibre is an FDA-approved synthetic hair graft which can be implanted one by one to the scalp to help reduce areas of balding. This procedure is suitable for both men and women of any age. – Premier Clinic Malaysia



3. A Money-Back Guarantee.

Getting a money-back guarantee on your hair implants is very important. No matter how professional or experienced a company is, there’s a chance that you won’t be thoroughly satisfied with the services they offer. Since this is the case, it’s important to note that you can attain a full refund or “repair” services in the event that you don’t like the result of your cosmetic work.


4. Free Quotes/Consultations.

Typically, good hair implant companies are willing to offer prospective clients incentives that help them make informed decisions about whether to use the hair services available. Since this is the case, you should learn whether the company offers free quotes and consultations before you commit to paying for their hair implant services. Attaining the consultation will give you the opportunity to get a “feel” for the organization and learn whether you will mesh well in the company culture. Also, getting the free quote will empower you to understand about how much you can expect to spend on the services offered.


5. A Good Reputation.

A solid hair implant company will almost always have a good reputation. The company’s reputation can be confirmed in many ways, including by you checking with the Better Business Bureau (BBB) to see what type of rating or accreditation the company has. You should also go online to see what types of online reviews customers are leaving regarding the quality of goods and services they’ve received from the company.


Summing It All Up

As many beauty experts know, biofibre hair implants are a great solution for individuals who suffer from hair loss that detracts from their sense of confidence. If you’re ready to attain the high quality cosmetic services that you need and deserve, it’s important to note that using the strategies outlined above can help you realize your objective. Good luck!

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Tighten Your Skin With The Most Popular Treatments in Singapore

All too often, selecting the best beauty treatment might seem like a losing battle. You try just about every beauty routine that you read about in the magazines. Still, dry skin and wrinkles are a problem. The fact is that aging skin is inevitable. Fine lines are going to appear on your face, around the eyes, and around the mouth. However, there are treatments that are very effective. The fact is that some skin tightening treatments in Singapore are effective at reducing fine lines.


Skin Tightening

Often, men and women are determined to find a way to freshen their skin. Skin tightening is a very popular method. There are two skin tightening methods. One method is invasive and requires that you undergo surgery. For example, a cosmetic facelift. The other is non-invasive, and a medical professional will use various high tech methods to tighten your skin and reduce the signs of aging. For example, using Thermage or a skin tightening machine. Other methods include using dermal fillers. The Dermal Fillers soften the skin and make wrinkles less apparent. Thermage case study: http://www.priveclinic.com/clinic-services/faceworks/skin-tightening/thermage-cpt-face-neck/


Skin Tightening Options

Certainly, there are a number of skin tightening methods available. The method that you select depends heavily on your skin’s overall condition. Skin tightening is used to defy aging and lift your skin. Some of the methods used also add volume to your skin and fill out the hollow areas on your face. Take a look in the mirror. Perhaps, you have a significant amount of wrinkles and your skin is sagging. Cosmetic surgery might be the best option for you. Cosmetic surgery will tighten all sagging areas on the skin. Those with minimal problems might prefer using non-invasive methods. For example, skin tightening machines like Thermage or Dermal Fillers.

Ultimately, the skin tightening method that you choose is a very personal decision. Be sure to perform proper research before deciding on the method that is best for your situation.

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IPL Hair Removal May Be Your Best Option for Permanent Hair Removal

Smooth, flawless skin is considered a great beauty advantage, and to achieve this many people want to get rid of unwanted and unsightly hair on their face and other parts of their body. Shaving is, basically, out of the question, but waxing is very popular. However, there is another way that permanently reduces hair by targeting various chromophores in the skin.

Intense pulsed light therapy, also called IPL hair removal, is used in beauty salons and by medical practitioners to remove hair and rejuvenate the skin. Along with removing hair, the treatment is used to remove tattoos, improve skin tone and remove spider veins. It is similar to laser technology, but not exactly the same. IPL treatments use a flash of light that contains hundreds of wavelengths that targets the melanin in the hair follicles and uses heat to damage them when they are in an active growth cycle.

This hair removal treatment is only suitable for hair that has color, so it is not useful for gray or white hair. The best candidates for IPL treatments are people who have light colored skin and dark hair. It will partially work for people with pale skin and red hair, but people with dark skin and hair need to be treated very carefully because the heat interacts with the melanin or color.

For those who are a good candidate for this type of hair removal it can be very effective. Many people ask if the treatments leave you completely hair-free. This is not the case. UP to 20 percent of the removed hair will continue to grow. It will be finer and grow slower than it did before treatment. In some cases, the hair follicles recover from the damage after some time. This is why it is called an excellent process for hair reduction.

Before a candidate has an IPL treatment, he or she should stay out of the sun and not let their skin get tanned or their hair bleached. If the treatment is being performed by a dermatologist, they may ask the patient to take antibiotics several days before the procedure. The treatment has minimal pain, but a topical anesthetic cream may be applied to the skin before the treatment. If there are any blisters forming during the treatment, they are minor and will most probably disappear within a few days.



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Beauty Habits That are Destroying Your Skin

When it comes to proper skincare, most people are stuck in an endless cycle of treating problems and creating new ones. Some of the most common beauty routines can harm your skin when you don’t customize the regimen to fit your needs. If you aren’t seeing the radiant and youthful skin you want, it’s time to kick your bad habits.

You probably already know that clean skin is healthy skin, but are you aware of the damage over-cleansing can do? Scrubbing the skin strips away the natural oils, and many cleansers are too potent for most skin types. Instead of lathering up twice a day, rinse your face with lukewarm water followed by a cold splash in the morning. At night, use a gentle, creamy cleanser designed specifically for your skin type.

Exfoliants are also overused weapons in the beauty arsenal. Too much exfoliation can tear up even the toughest skin, and it can transform normal skin into a dull and flaky mess. If you must exfoliate, use natural sources such as tea tree oil or olive oil mixed with sugar, and only do so once a week or less. In most cases, a deep penetrating moisturizer will fix problem skin better than exfoliation.

If you avoid oil-based products, you could be hitting a roadblock on your path to beautiful skin. Using a high-quality oily moisturizer may actually prevent the overproduction of natural oils. Look for essential oils that penetrate rather than form a pore-clogging barrier. Some Nature Republic products – shop here! are designed to sink deep into the skin and provide long-lasting hydration.

Another bad habit is using the wrong product for your skin type. To separate the good from the useless, look at ingredients rather than front-label claims on beauty products. For treating oily skin, choose cleansers and toners with no more than a two percent ratio of salicylic acid. Sulfur and silicone are also effective oil absorbents. Dry skin treatments should include at least two percent of vitamin A, B, B5, C or E.

Breaking the cycle of unhealthy skin takes some effort, but you can speed up the process by letting go of the damaging habits you’re accustomed to. Once you stop sabotaging your own efforts, you’ll notice subtle changes in your skin’s texture and tone. Start with one modification, and you’ll be on your way to having the clear, glowing and beautiful skin you desire.

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4 Common Skin Problems Attributed to Hot Climates

A hot climate can truly do a number on your skin. All types of climates affect your skin in a positive or negative way. Hot climates present many challenges to your skin that you will need to fight. The battle for healthy skin begins with being able to identify the common problems that hot climates create for your skin.


The more your skin sweats, the more prone you become to breakouts. This is especially true if your skin is more oily than normal. You may need to find a quality skin cleaner that can absorb the oils in your skin. Be careful when you use these cleaners. Oil cleansers for the skin can also make your skin react more sensitively to sunlight. For that reason, it is best to use these skin cleansing products at night.


Heat Rash

High heat and humidity can also lead to heat rash. When your sweat ducts close, the sweat traps itself under your skin. The skin will be aggravated enough to cause red rashes and bumps at the affected area. Your skin may also blister where heat rash occurs. Heat rash usually goes away without the need for medical attention, but some creams can help soothe the irritation while your skin heals in the affected areas.



If you live in a hot, sunny climate, you know the kind of pain sunburn can cause. Depending on your skin tone, you could get sunburn in a matter of 10 minutes of sun exposure without sunscreen. You must make sure to reapply sunscreen after profuse sweating, swimming, and time in the sun. As a general rule, applying new sunscreen every 2 hours should be good enough if you use SPF 30 or higher. Too much sunburn can cause peeling and blistering, and it increases your chances of getting skin cancer.


Skin Hydration

In dry climates your skin will need a better moisturizer to stay healthy and smooth. In a humid climate, you want less moisture in your daily treatments so that the skin doesn’t become too moist. Finding the right balance can be difficult, but you should try many different moisturizers until you find one that works best for your skin and climate.

Taking care of your skin in hot climates is vital to the health of your skin. See Creme Simon for more details about proper skin care in hot climates. Your skin will feel and look much better.

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Orthopaedic Tips to Relieve Knee Injuries

Knee injuries can be a real bummer, as they can take you out of the game and leave you as a couch potato until they are healed. For athletes and runners, they can be especially bad since they ruin your conditioning. Here are some orthopaedic tips and advice to help you relieve knee injuries.


You don’t want to hear this, but the best thing you can do for a knee injury is to let it rest. It’s the only way that the muscles will be able to repair themselves without the risk of further injury. However, this doesn’t mean that you have to stop all physical activity. During this time, you can work to keep your conditioning through weight lifting, or another form of activity that doesn’t require you to use your knees.



Although it may seem a little cliche since you hear it all the time, but icing a knee injury is one of the best things you can do for it. You should be applying ice to the injured area for about 20 to 30 minutes every day for three days or more after the injury is caused. This will make the swelling go down, and will speed up the healing process a little bit.

For the first 48 hours after getting a knee injury, you should avoid things that actually cause swelling. This is mainly heat, so you should be weary of hot packs, hot showers, and alcohol. Any of these things has been known to increase swelling, and that will slow down your recovery.



Compression is another way to reduce swelling, as well as provide minimal protection for a knee injury. You should be careful when compressing an injury though. Make sure you don’t wrap it too tightly, as this will have the opposite affect and actually cause the injury to swell more. You should also keep in mind that a bandage will not fully protect a knee injury, just because you have something wrapped doesn’t mean that it’s good enough to be active again.



Knee injuries are no fun, but you can move past it quickly by taking care of your injury and not over doing it. It’s best to avoid physical activity, and to keep your injury elevated, compressed, and iced. This will reduce swelling and help it heal faster. Before you know it, you’ll be back on your feet!


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4 Best Vitamin Supplements for Women

With supplements, a woman can live a longer and healthier life. While true, it’s easy to waste money and buy ones that don’t work or cause more harm than good. On the other hand, with the right supplements, one will enjoy a host of benefits. With this in mind, here are the four best vitamin supplements for women.

Iron: Plenty of people, especially women, end up with low iron. Think about it, if a person is suffering from fatigue or general health problems, he or she will want to consider iron supplements. This is especially true for vegans and vegetarians. Luckily, with iron supplements, a woman can support her immune system and gain strength. Remember, as people change their diets, they can’t forget about iron as it helps one stay healthy, strong and happy.

Calcium: As women age, they can end up with low-bone density. This will cause a host of health problems. Not only that, in the future, with low calcium, a woman may end up breaking her bones. To prevent this, plenty of people drink milk, which is fortified with this vitamin. Sadly, this does little to help one strengthen their bones. Since most people don’t eat the ideal diet, it’s wise to consider calcium supplements as they help a woman gain strength and keep her bones in shape.

Vitamin A: Often overlooked, vitamin A is essential, and it helps a woman in a myriad of ways. First and foremost, with vitamin A, one can enjoy healthy eyes and skin. Not only that, with this vital ingredient, a woman can enjoy a healthier immune system. Sadly, plenty of people think they get enough of this vital nutrition in their diets. In reality, this is not the case for most people. Luckily, with a small dose of this vitamin, one can enjoy a healthy and happy life, all without worry.

Vitamin D: Finally, when looking to keep bones healthy, people forget about Vitamin D. While they often think of calcium, they neglect this important one. For this reason, women of all ages, and especially older women, need to consider vitamin D supplements. With this, one can enjoy a healthy immune system and reduce inflammation, which is important for older women.

Without a doubt, these four vitamin supplements for women can help one live a healthy, happy and active life. Otherwise, when a woman avoids supplements, she will suffer in the long run.




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