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Vision Health: Applying Lasik Surgery to Correct Myopia

What is Myopia
Myopia, commonly known as near-sightedness is a common condition of the eye that enables patients to see clearly up close, but objects in the distance are unclear. The condition is caused by an over lengthened eyeball or a cornea with too much curvature. High myopia refers to cases where correction requires -6.00 diopters or more and is also referred to as degenerative myopia or pathological myopia. In cases of high myopia, the eye usually stabilizes at 20 to 30 years of age but can increase the occurrence of retinal detachment, degenerative disease of the retina, glaucoma, vitreous floaters and cataracts.

 

What is Lasik
Lasik surgery is used to correct myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. It is performed by first applying anesthetic drops into the eye. The surgeon then begins reshaping the cornea by cutting a hinged flap off the surface of the cornea. The flap is folded back revealing the stroma and the tissues are then vaporized with a laser. Subsequently, the flap is replaced which instantly attaches to the eyeball. The reattachment is inspected for any air bubbles or fine debris. A perforated metal or plastic sheet is then applied over the eye to protect the flap. The procedure is generally done on an outpatient basis and lasts only 10 to 15 minutes per eye. Functional vision is obtained instantaneously and one to three months are allowed for vision stabilization. Patients may be discharged with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drops and dark glasses. Follow up appointments are designed to check for under correction or over correction and to make any enhancements if necessary.

Watch this video and learn the process of Epi Lasik

 

 

Does Lasik Surgery Correct Myopia? 
Patients with myopia or high myopia who wish to be free from glasses or contacts are usually great candidates for Lasik. A myopia guide is available for interested patients and information can be found on lasiksurgery.sg. Some basic requirements must be met for potential Lasik surgery candidates. Generally, patients should be at least 18 years old, not pregnant, presenting with myopia of less than 1500 degrees, presenting with hyperopia of less than 400 degrees, free from eye injury or infection and without any significant power increase in the last year.

Lasik surgery is available to most patients with myopia (Also read Things You Shouldn’t Do Before Lasik Surgery). It is a safe and fast procedure that is frequently performed and causes little discomfort. Lasik surgery allows patients to free themselves from the hassle and expense of glasses and contacts.

 

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